Interpol

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Session 1

Speaker’s list

  • Singapore: Proposes the implementation of satellites to patrol ships

  • Germany: Proposes setting up a coast guard close to Somalia, implement radar technology

  • India: Give support on land to Somalia.

  • United kingdom: Believes that the issue should be addressed in the whole of Africa as it is not only a Somali problem. Suggests the deployment of an antipiracy team based upon article 101 of UNCLOS, through alliances, for example, between INTERPOL and the Contact group on Piracy of the Coast of Somalia. Implement the usage of widespread technologies. The delegation also suggested the possible locations for the radars. 

  • Botswana: Black markets are moved by the stolen objects through piracy, the delegation suggests interrogating and investigating what are usually the stolen items used for. 

  • Somalia. Proposes maritime checkpoints to check interpol alerts inside the ships, check if the papers are valid and regulate where the ships came from. Also asks for investigation in the Somali ports and the pirate villages. Supports the idea of the implementation of radars.

  • Tanzania: Suggest for the I-24/7 communication system which is via satellite to also be used to fight piracy and share information with other delegations.

  • South Africa: Suggest to compile the solutions given into one concrete plan

  • China: Implement Project MAST to strength institutional capacity to fight piracy and terrorism.

  • Brazil: Suggests using vessels to monitor trade routes.

  • French Republic: Presents a concrete plan establishing main criteria: Guarantee permanent supervision of locations susceptible to piracy, be a step ahead, have surveillance be undercover, radar targeting, inspection on suspicious subjects.

  • India: Explains the importance of dealing with piracy on land and suggests a plan to do so.

  • Zimbabwe: Proposes the country to be the main base of operation in land.

  • Canada: The funding of the operation should come especially from countries on the global north, China, Brazil and India. Manpower should come from nearby countries. 

End of the debate.

Session 2

The chair gave a one hour lobby time to compose the working paper which compiles a structured plan to fight piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.

The reading of the action plan redacted by the Interpol committee was done during this session. The working paper passed as an action plan with 18 delegations in favor and none against. The plan states that all delegations will cooperate to offer aid and stop the problem. The annex is composed of 20 resolutions that are to be applied in future crises and hopes of the interpol committee as the problematic evolves.

Session 3

Topic: Mechanisms to Prevent and Fight Against Trafficking of Wildlife and Animal Derivatives in the South of Africa

Opening Speeches:

Canada: Wildlife traffickers and poachers are great threats to the environment. Recognizes that not only developing countries are responsible for wildlife trafficking. 

 

Germany: Believes in tackling the problem all the way through the supply chain,

from the poaching of endangered species to the distributors seeking the reduction of demand of rare animal products.

 

Brazil: Believes that the trade of wildlife should continue as long as it is monitored as it is a way to gain monetary resources. 

 

Spain: Wants to discuss the implications of the animal crisis and its consequences. Hopes to provide aid to any delegation who struggles with trafficking

 

China: The country has dealt for years with wildlife trafficking. Hopes to find a solution that will help resolve the problem and protect their wildlife.

 

Botswana: Even though haunting is prohibited, national wildlife is still at risk. The delegation wishes to find the help the country needs.

 

India: Wildlife conservation is a part of India culture. The country sacrifices a lot of its resources to fight the problem and it is not recognized by other countries for it. The delegation wants to cease trafficking for once and for all.

 

Kenya: The country is home to one of the world's greatest natural heritage. Only about 32,000 elephants remain. Kenya has established natural reserves to k

 

Singapore: Works along with the un for the conservation of wildlife and believes

 

South Africa: Crimes with one of the worst rates of prosecution. Trafficking contributes to the destruction of ecosystems, therefore to the destruction of humanity. Is committed to bring justice and punish those responsible

 

Zimbabwe: THe country has been battling with the issue for years affecting the natural resources and the economy of the country. It impacts the lives of all living beings and measures should be taken immediately.

 

Vietnam: Illegal trading has aroused from poverty and lack of working opportunities using trafficking as a way to live. Hopes to cooperate to find a solution with interpol.

 

United Kingdom: Wildlife traffic needs to stop. Reinforce the legal framework to be able to act upon the issue.

 

Tanzania: The market of endangered species is growing fast. Considers it is unacceptable and invites the community to act.

 

United states: Wildlife trafficking brings economic consequences, illegal flow of large amounts of money that ends up hindering economic development all around the world. The INL supports the fight against the issue.  

 

France: Animal trafficking shows the arousing of crime again. Activities which involve the sanity of wildlife should be abolished. 

 

Ethiopia: Wildlife traffic produces billions of dollars annually. Ethiopia has had difficulty controlling the issue as it has a wide territory to cover and is open to discussion.

 

Somalia: Wildlife tracking is one of the most profitable crimes. However it affects all of the delegations in the committee and has the aim to help the most needed. 

 

Speakers’s list

Start of the debate

  • India: States that the country counts with programs, animal sanctuaries and national reserves for the protection of wildlife.

  • South Africa: The problem should be addressed from all points of view. The delegation is against these practices inside their territory. Affects tourism, economy and social structure. Encourage campaigns and international cooperation through SDG’s so interpol can intervene and guarantee progress. 

  • China: Has been enforcing rules such as increasing pressure onto these markets and has seen a slight improvement on the situation, especially in ivory trading.

  • Tanzania: By 2025 Tanzania will no longer have elephants if action is not taken. 

  • Canada: Highlights the root problem is the lack of governance and resources in african countries. Canada has established border regulations to identify foreign animals and will provide monetary and technical assistance. 

  • Botswana: Cultural practices might get in the way of regulating haunting, also considering this activity as a pillar of the country’s economy. 

  • Ethiopia: Internal fund for international welfare, should be taken into account when creating a resolution to the problem.

  • Germany: Proposes to fight the trade chain from producer to consumer. Checking containers

  • South Africa: Exposes essential factors for finding a solution such as Internal security. Highlights education as the main base to end the problem. Consumers need to be aware of the impact of consuming wildlife products. Delegations must improve rule of law and deployment resources. Delegations should develop a NIAP. Finally establish agreements, educational campaigns and work with internal NCBs.

  • Spain: TIFIES: Prevention of trafficking, law enforcement and international cooperation. Proposes an international program that achieves an agreement between hunters, scientists and ecologists.

  • Somalia: Using a map of trade routes and consumer countries the delegation proposes the investigation of these routes in order to control the issue.

  • Zimbabwe: Exposes a structured plan which includes: Getting the public involved and providing a sanctuary for endangered animals to tackle poaching, trafficking and the market. It is a five year initiative which aims to improve wildlife knowledge and protection. 

Summary day 2

The first two sessions of the day were used to give an end to the debate about piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. The committee was able to provide a structured paper of solutions in their action plan which is to be applied to continue to fight piracy not only in these zones but wherever it needs to be eradicated. In the last session Interpol entered a new discussion about wildlife trafficking where each delegate successfully expressed their delegation’s point of view on the matter.